This Course reviews the different types of glucose-lowering medicines that are currently used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- What are the different types of medications used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus?
- How is the decision to start a medication made?
- How do these medicines work and what are their side effects?
- When might these medications be contraindicated?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes in Australia (85–90%) and its incidence is increasing worldwide, with more and more younger people now becoming affected. Whilst some of the management of this chronic disease may be initially possible through changes to lifestyle, treatment with medication is usually required.
Health professionals need to remain up-to-date regarding the types of medications prescribed for this disease, as these types of medications are constantly changing. Understanding how these medicines work, their side effects, and contraindications is imperative for promoting positive patient outcomes.
The purpose of this Course is to enhance knowledge of diabetes management by reviewing current medicines used in the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Correlate the indications for starting, increasing or decreasing a medicine with individual patient characteristics to enhance the individuality of treatment.
- Differentiate between each class of non-insulin, glucose-lowering medication to select the most appropriate treatment for patients.
- Identify the contraindications and potential adverse reactions of each class of medications in order to prevent adverse patient outcomes.
All healthcare professionals who care for individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who require insulin.
No conflict of interest exists for anyone in the position to control content for this activity. Wherever possible, generic or non-proprietary names of medications or products have been used.
Michelle Robins is a credentialed diabetes educator with 23 years experience in many aspects of diabetes care and education. She is currently employed as a Nurse Practitioner by Northern Health. Her past employment, as a diabetes educator, has included major tertiary hospital settings – including St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Melbourne Division of General Practice, Melbourne Extended Care and Rehabilitation Service, and, in Queensland, Logan/Beaudesert Health Service. Michelle has served on more than 40 diabetes-related committees, written book chapters, and is consistently highly evaluated in her teaching role.