There are several age-related factors that make older adults more susceptible to foot damage.
The fatty cushioning under the heels and balls of the feet thins, and the skin on the feet loses its elasticity and strength. Furthermore, toenails become more brittle, thick and hard. This makes them more difficult to trim, and therefore, increases the risk of ingrown toenails, fungal breakouts and infection (APodA 2018a).
Additionally, many older people may struggle with foot care as they grapple with other impairments such as poor vision and restricted mobility (APodA 2018b).
On the more extreme end of foot complications are bone deformities, such as bunions and arthritis. These deformities can implicate foot care and lead to an increase in falls (APodA 2018a).
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