Laundry and Infection Control in Home Care


Published: 04 July 2021

Ensuring that you meet and uphold laundry hygiene standards is crucial for the health of you and your clients. Proper handling of laundry also lets the client and their families know that their loved one is being well looked after (Dependable Laundry Solutions 2017).

Laundry Services

Providing laundry services is one of the many daily living activities that you may be required to perform or assist with for a home care client.

Laundry in a client’s home may include:

  • Bedsheets and blankets
  • Towels
  • Personal clothing.

(CDC 2015)

As highlighted by The Conversation, the state and condition of a client’s clothing speak volumes of the care they are (or are not) receiving. Clothes are a way to convey a care recipient’s individuality in a period of their life where it might otherwise feel under threat (Armstrong 2018).

Additionally, laundry and linen can carry traces of influenza, gastroenteritis or other harmful viruses. As we age, our immune systems weaken. Home care recipients, many of whom are living with pre-existing illnesses, are particularly vulnerable to infection. (Dependable Laundry Solutions 2017). This is why properly washing and storing laundry is so important and a key component of a greater infection prevention and control strategy.

Organisations should have their own internal policies and procedures on the proper handling of linen and laundry. Familiarise yourself with those and use this article as a supplement or refresher.

In Australia and New Zealand, there are official regulations in place detailing the proper handling of linen and laundry. While there may be some variations, public healthcare operated laundry and linen services’ policies must line up with AS/NZS 4146 Regulations (Dependable Laundry Solutions 2017).

laundry infection control home care linen storage

Laundry Infection Risks

Environments where living and non-living microorganisms exist and thrive (including pathogens) are referred to as reservoirs (Murphy 2019).

In a client’s home, reservoirs include but aren’t limited to:

  • Unclean surfaces and objects
  • Soiled textiles and linen.

(Murphy 2019)

Contaminated textiles and fabrics often contain high numbers of microorganisms from body substances such as blood, skin, stool, urine, vomitus and other body tissues and fluids (CDC 2015).

Infection Risks for High-Care Recipients

Some clients receiving high levels of care who are in a weakened or bed-bound state may lie in bed for prolonged periods of time, providing perfect conditions for pathogens to thrive in. (Infection Control Today 2005). In cases such as this, more frequent washes will be required.

Furthermore, due to any number of reasons, a client may have soiled their clothes, and this will require more intensive washing procedures.

Simple Steps to Meet Laundry Standards

The Laundry Process

The antimicrobial action of the laundering process is the outcome of a combination of mechanical, thermal, and chemical factors. Laundry items used in healthcare settings are disinfected during laundering and are generally free of pathogens, but are not sterile (CDC 2015).

Laundering cycles consist of:

  • Flush
  • Main wash
  • Bleaching
  • Rinsing
  • Souring.

Cleaned linen is then:

  • Dried
  • Pressed
  • Folded
  • Packaged.

(CDC 2015)

Safety Guidelines When Handling Soiled Linen or Clothing

Note: Refer to your organisation’s policies and procedures regarding linen disposal.

Used linen is potentially contaminated, so always ensure you store and handle dirty linen in a way that minimises the risk of cross-contamination between clean and used items (SCHN 2024).

Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) should always be worn during the handling of any soiled linen.

  1. Don appropriate PPE (depending on the situation)
  2. Take an appropriate laundry receptacle to the client’s beside. Place their used linen directly into the receptacle without temporarily putting it on floors, chairs or furniture. Avoid shaking linen at the risk of spreading harmful microorganisms
  3. Immediately place all soiled linen (e.g. contaminated by blood, urine or other body fluid) into a leak-proof bag. Ensure that you keep soiled linen away from your clothes/uniform
  4. Perform proper and thorough hand hygiene after handling used linen
  5. Store linen in a clean, dry area that is separate from used linen and free of aerosols, dust, moisture or vermin that could cause contamination.

(DoHaA 2013; SCHN 2024; Dependable Laundry Solutions 2017)

In order to avoid accidental exposure to soiled linen:

  • Never place sharps or other objects into laundry bags, as these may break the bag and cause leakage
  • Avoid filling laundry bags bag more than ¾ full.

(SCHN 2024)

Always abide by the Standard Precautions (routine measures) of infection control, including:

(Murphy 2019)

laundry infection control home care standard precautions hand hygiene
Hand hygiene is part of the Standard Precautions (routine measures) of infection control.

Additional Resources


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Until what point should laundry bags be filled?


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